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Acne Skincare Guide

Acne Treatment

Medical Treatment for Acne:

     Topical Medications:

  • Retinoids and retinoid-like drugs: creams, gels, and lotions containing tretinoin, adapalene, or tazarotene help prevent clogged pores.

  • Antibiotics: topical application to reduce skin bacteria and inflammation.

  • Azelaic acid and salicylic acid: have antibacterial properties and help unclog hair follicles.

  • Dapsone: recommended for inflammatory acne in women.

     Oral Medications:

  • Antibiotics: tetracyclines or macrolides to reduce bacteria.

  • Combined oral contraceptives: approved for acne therapy in women who wish to use them for contraception.

  • Anti-androgen agents: spironolactone to block androgen hormones' effect on oil glands.

  • Isotretinoin: prescribed for severe acne not responding to other treatments, but it has potential side effects and requires monitoring.


  • Light therapy: various light-based therapies have shown some success in treating acne.

  • Chemical peel: mild acne treatment using chemical solutions like salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or retinoic acid.

  • Drainage and extraction: removal of whiteheads, blackheads, or cysts using specialized tools.

  • Steroid injection: for nodular and cystic lesions to reduce pain and inflammation.


Lifestyle Changes to Improve Acne:

  • Wash face twice a day and after sweating, but avoid excessive washing that can irritate the skin.

  • Stop scrubbing acne-prone skin, as it can worsen the condition.

  • Use non-comedogenic and oil-free skin care products to prevent clogging pores.

  • Avoid touching, picking, or popping acne, as it can lead to irritating your skin more. 

Combining medical treatments, light therapy, and adopting healthy lifestyle changes can significantly improve acne symptoms and promote clearer, healthier skin. It's essential to consult with a dermatologist to determine the most suitable treatment plan based on individual skin type and severity of the condition.


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